Vientiane, 17 November 2016
Lao PDR, along with other countries around the world, is determined to take immediate action to combat the spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Globally and in the region, the pledge to combat AMR was made with the support and collaboration of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in a tripartite partnership.
Government and partners pledge to use antibiotic responsibly at the first Antimicrobial Resistance workshop in Laos. Photo: WHO Lao PDR
AMR occurs when microorganisms develop resistance to antimicrobials, and infections in humans and animals become harder to treat. Antibiotics become more and more ineffective against previously treatable infections. While the misuse and overuse of antibiotics in human health care have contributed to AMR and have received attention, another large concern is the misuse and overuse of antibiotics in animals, as well as plants. Resistance can be transferred to humans through consumption of meat.
The tripartite partnership between FAO, OIE, and WHO reaffirms a wider commitment to combat AMR and increase awareness about the scale of the problem in order to stop the emergence and accelerating misuse of antimicrobial medicines in both humans and animals. The collaboration between human health, animal health and environmental health sectors is of critical importance to address AMR.
Since 2015, the Antibiotic Awareness Week has been organised in November to raise awareness about the effects of AMR on humans, animals and the environment, focusing on encouraging public and animal health professionals, including pharmacists and veterinarians, to prescribe or dispense antibiotics more cautiously. To mark the event this year, Lao PDR is holding its first multi-sectoral workshop on combatting AMR, with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the Ministry of Health co-hosting the event. The multi-sectoral workshop brings the animal and human health sectors together to work on developing a national action plan for AMR.
Dr Juliet Fleischl, WHO Representative to Lao PDR emphasised the urgency of the issue,“We are beginning to see cases of resistance to antibiotics of last resort being reported in many countries. If we do not address antimicrobial resistance now, doctors and nurses will be empty-handed against a growing number of serious infections. WHO is committed to helping the government of Lao PDR prepare to meet this challenge. But AMR cannot be addressed by the health sector alone.”
“FAO is happy to be part of this strong partnership with WHO and OIE, taking its part in supporting agricultural agencies in the country to play their roles in monitoring antimicrobial usage in the sector and taking corrective action where needed,” said Stephen Rudgard, FAO Representative to Lao PDR.
“The three organisations collaborate closely at global and regional level to help their member countries implement sustainable changes in their use of antimicrobials, in particular through the implementation of OIE international standards. To achieve such a change of practices, inter-sectoral coordination between the public health and veterinary sectors is essential to lead member countries to take harmonised actions and long term commitments against antimicrobial resistance,” said Hirofumi Kugita, OIE Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific.
The three agencies have stressed that, in order to avoid an international catastrophe, this global collaboration will need to be accompanied by political will and strong, coordinated action.