Lao PDR is highly vulnerable to climate change and will need to plan accordingly. The country is seeing an increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as droughts and floods. The majority of floods occur in the central and southern parts of the country, along the Mekong plain. From 1990 to 2015, Lao PDR had 21 severe floods and storms, affecting 500,000 people each. Reducing the impact of these disasters on the population will require adaptation measures, including effective disaster preparedness and risk reduction. Lao PDR is on track with the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances. These have declined to near-zero in 2014.
A comparison of greenhouse gas inventories for 1990 and 2000 shows that emissions had doubled in ten years. Lao PDR recorded a net sink of CO2 in 1990 and a net emission by year 2000. Of the total CO2 emissions, nearly all were emitted by land-use change and forestry. The agriculture sector produced the greatest share of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). Climate change mitigation will depend on reversing the loss of forests and other land use changes.
The government is looking to create stronger policies and legislation by drafting a disaster risk management and climate change law (expected to be passed in 2017).
The Government requested UNDP’s support in the preparation of the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution with the aim of submitting in time for inclusion in the Global Synthesis Report to be presented at the 21st Conference of the Parties in Paris. UNDP supported data collection and verification, and multi-stakeholder cross-sectoral consultation that included both government agencies and development partners.
Addressing climate change is one of 17 Global Goals that make up the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. An integrated approach is crucial for progress across the multiple goals. Learn more about Goal 13 and its targets.